More than 100 countries and regions have reported confirmed cases of the new Corona virus. Outside China, the number of new confirmed cases reached 30 000, with South Korea, Japan, Italy and Iran being the hardest hit. The WHO did not announce COVID-19 as a pandemic, yet on February 28th raised the global risk of the outbreak to “very high”. Will the world unite with Solidarity, threatened by a disease that is more contagious than SARS and MERS, to stop its transformation into a pandemic? Or will the nations be so overwhelmed by the growing fear of adopting a policy of the beggar-neighbor (beggar-thy-neighbor policies), weakening the foundations of global cooperation in the field of public health? Is the rapidly spreading virus going to appeal to the international community to act swiftly and coherently in order to build a safer globalised world? Or does it foreshadow a further deglobalization in a world that is already covered by stormy nationalism?

There are no easy answers to these questions. The situation can take in any direction. For example, after learning about the Coroninvirus epidemic, the World Health Organization (WHO) brought together over 400 virologists and infection control experts through real and virtual platforms to explore the possible origins of the virus, make plans for The research priorities. As WHO’s chief scientist, Swomie Sway-Atan said, “This scientific solidarity in the face of a common enemy is unprecedented”. But at the same time the stigmas associated with the disease are growing, and racism and xenophobia against citizens of Chinese and Asian descent are increasing. Even worse is that some senior officials in the U.S. government look at the epidemic over the ideological prism, further worsening the Chinese-American ties at a time when they had to express sympathy and work with their Chinese To start bilateral health cooperation. The outcome of the current struggle, and overall prospects for global public health cooperation, depends on whether encouraging stories predominate or dominate negative narratives.

Viruses don’t respect boundaries. The new corona virus can spread and become a pandemic. The review of China’s cooperation with others in the battle with the Coronacvirus and the lessons it has brought is particularly important at this critical juncture. How effective is international cooperation in helping China and the world to master the epidemic? What did China contribute to this global anti-coronated virus? What are the shortcomings and weaknesses in global health management that were exposed in this crisis and what are the remedies? What is the best course of action for China and the world to anticipate and ultimately prevail against the virus? This report tries to answer in detail these important questions.

The report emphasizes the value of international coordination in the presence of massive outbreaks of infectious diseases, especially those caused by new viruses. The actions and sacrifices of those who fight on the front line open a precious window of opportunity for others to take precautions. The follow-up of research cooperation, medical material assistance and interaction with leading institutions are essential for the creation early of a global scientifically sound and effective prevention and control system. In a globalised world where infodata, disinformation and rumors can easily follow epidemics, international organisations such as WHO play an indispensable role in reducing panic and eliminating stigma.

The report also illustrates China’s measures, policies and initiatives that were assessed by the WHO as recommended practices for international epidemiological control, including, among others, a mechanism to respond to both the whole government and the The whole society, effective techniques for social distancing, timely and adequate exchange of information and knowledge, as well as deep participation in global cooperation in the field of medical research. Leading of all these response measures, the report underlines that it is the holistic, science-based, focused and highly contextual approach that is the most appropriate lesson for any country affected by the deadly virus.

The report also identifies the main challenges to international control of epidemics and global cooperation in the area of emergency health emergencies, including the large disparities between nations in terms Of the political system, social norms, national interests, culture and traditions, different capacity of national public emergency preparedness, as well as regional and global emergencies and crises. To address the challenges posed, the report calls for an update of the outdated concept of health security, to overcome the ‘ panic-neglect ‘, to correct the inadequate Mechanisms to respond to health emergencies and build key monitoring and response capacities in developing countries so that IHR (2005) can [1]be supported and respected in health crises. In addition, the report underlines the importance of strengthening leadership and bridging the scarcity of resources in global health cooperation, and calls for counter-politicisation and stigmatisation in emergency Health situations.

The report also makes five policy recommendations on how to limit the prevalence of coronate globally: improving coordination between China, Japan and South Korea so that the three can play a leading role in the East Asian and Global health management; Increasing the health assistance of developing countries, especially for the least developed, with a low level of preparedness for emergency response; Increasing the contribution of international development banks to the international health system; Speeding up the implementation of joint mechanisms for major public health emergencies; and increase the exchange of experience and knowledge for prevention and control of epidemics.

States differ in their national circumstances and opportunities and each epidemic outbreak has its own characteristics. Since there is no silver bullet to deal with any epidemics, the control measures must be customised and contextually alised. Timely interruption of the transmission pathway, early detection and effective treatment are essential in any prevention and control measure. China, as a major battleground in the fight against the COVID-19 epidemi[2]c, has made the greatest effort, taken the most stringent measures, gained the greatest experience firsthand and achieved the most notable results. China is ready to share its experience with the international community and to step up cooperation with other countries and international organisations to win the war against the outbreak of COVID-19 as early as possible.

Empathy and solidarity, I believe that this is the only rational response to the global fight against epidemics and is what leads mankind to a more secure globalised world. It is also a belief that my colleagues are trying to confirm and convey in this report.

[1]It is about the International Health regulation adopted by the WHO in 2005

[2]In the period after 20 march in such a leading battlefield became Italy.

Chen Dongshyao-Chairman, Shanghai Institute of International Studies, March 9, 2020

Translation-Dr. Aleksandar Dimitrov, political scientist and chairman of the Bulgarian-Chinese Partnership Association